One of the common reasons for hair loss is Alopecia. A popular term used loosely by the common man to guess the reason for hair loss, Alopecia is well recognized. However, Alopecia is not just one condition. Rather it is a range of condition which makes it impertinent to understand what alopecia is and how a situation of severe hair loss or patchy loss, caused by alopecia can be saved.
To give an overview, Alopecia is a genetic disorder. It can strike at any stage of life irrespective of the gender. However, alopecia usually affects people before the age of 30. The usual symptoms of Alopecia are unusual hair loss over a very short duration. It occurs usually in patches but in severe cases, it leads to complete balding.
Alopecia can occur anywhere. It may be on the beard, mustache, eyebrows or the head. The symptoms that accompany alopecia can be a burning sensation and itching. Nails are also affected when Alopecia sets in. Nails split and become rough, dents surface on nails, nails look dull and become rough or nails start showing white spots and lines.
As a condition Alopecia is curable. In fact many times it gets cured on its own. The cause of alopecia is the body’s auto immune system attacking the hair follicles. More specifically it’s the white blood cell attacking the follicles. Why this happens is a mystery; however, as of now hereditary reasons seem to attribute as the main reason for alopecia.
However, Alopecia has varied types. One of the most common is the Androgenic Alopecia, which is caused due to genetics. Male or Female pattern baldness is a result of this type of Alopecia. This is caused when the hormone DHT in the body, which is shot off of the testosterone hormone, starts shrinking the hair follicles making the hair fall off. This as a condition is passed from a generation to another.
Alopecia Areata is the condition that is referred to by most as the condition of Alopecia known to them. Believed to be caused by stress and lifestyle-related factors, this condition is reversible.
Alopecia Totatllis is the condition when Alopecia affects severely. This is the condition during which the balding spreads across the body. This affects women as well.
Cicatricial alopecia is the kind that leaves scars. This could happen due to the inflammation of the hair follicles which results in hair loss along with scarring. Hair fall caused due to an event like a burn or an accident also causes scars.
Traction alopecia is more mechanically caused. This is not due to hormones or any other deficiency in the body. Traction alopecia is the direct outcome of tight braiding or tying your hair into a tight bun or another styling which pulls the hair back hard enough to make the hair fall.
Alopecia is a condition and most of it is curable. However, it must be understood that though the severity of the conditions of the same may be the same in a man and a woman, the treatments will have a much higher success rate in men. This is primarily due to the makeup of the stable donor sites in men. However, Alopecia caused due to mechanical reasons has as good a chance of cure via Hair Transplant in women as in men.